Similar & Identical Trademarks in India – How to Identify Them Well?

It is imperative to have Registered Trademarks in place to have one’s business stand out in the market and create a significant brand value. However, developing a unique and eye-catching mark is not an easy task. In India, trademarks are registered, protected, and enforced under the Trademarks Act of 1999 (referred to as the ‘Act’ further in this article). The […]

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How Do People End Up Losing Their Trademark Rights?

What happens after you get your mark registered as a trademark? Your Trademark Application gets approved, and you receive your registration certificate. Don’t let that Trademark Registration certificate fool you. It will surely declare your exclusive Trademark Rights to a logo or name; however, it is essential to note that you can lose those rights just as easily as you acquired […]

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Can You Trademark A Hashtag?

All ardent social media users are aware of the latest trend of using hashtags to spread the word across a wide range of users for bolstering consumer engagement. Often, hashtags help businesses reach out to their target audience and connect with them, which may further help them attain and achieve goodwill and raise awareness about […]

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Conducting a Trademark Search in India – Everything You Must Know

The Trade Marks Act, 1999 governs and deals with the mechanism of registration, protection, and illegal use of trademarks in India. Additionally, it also deals with the exclusive rights of a trademark owner, penalties for Trademark Infringement, remedies for damaged goods, and modes of transference of a Registered Trademark. In the market, a trademark performs the following four […]

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Understanding Freedom to Operate (FTO) Concerning IP & Patents

Three pharmaceutical companies, including Enzon Pharmaceuticals, Micromet AG, and Cambridge Antibody Technology (now acquired by AstraZeneca), in September 2003 announced signing a non-exclusive cross-license agreement. The agreement enabled the three parties involved to obtain Freedom to Operate (abbreviated as FTO), thereby authorizing one another to use some of their respective patented technologies without worrying about Patent Infringement. It also […]

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Position Marks

Some marks that label a product become distinctive just because of how they are positioned in a product. Today, we as consumers can easily identify the products of popular brands due to the positioning of some specific elements on the products, for instance, the three stripes of Adidas, Louboutin’s red sole shoes, or the red […]

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3D Shape Trademark on Cars

Trademarks indicate the origin of a product. While they commonly consist of a brand name or logo, the shape of a product may also be an indication of its origin. However, shape marks are not easy to register. For being registered as a trademark, the 3D shape of a product must be shown to have […]

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Can You Seek a Patent on Life Forms?

Claiming Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) over a subject matter as debatable as life forms has created diverse opinions since the day such a claim application was first made. It is very important to assess the same, morally, ethically, and legally, in the light of accepted norms laid by the Patent Laws in different major jurisdictions. A life […]

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Protecting your Trademark from Non-Use Cancellation

It is becoming increasingly vital that Registered Trademarks are used to maintain their validity and their ability to be enforced against third parties. The removal of any registered trademark from the register of trademarks based on the non-use of the trademark during a specified period concerning the goods or products specified in the Trademark Application is termed as trademark […]

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The Infamous Defense of Inequitable Conduct

What is Inequitable Conduct? Obtaining a patent is an uphill battle. Even after a patent is secured, it is not the end of all battles. There are instances where a patent holder may be deterred from enforcing his patent against an act of infringement on account of equitable defenses like unclean hands, estoppel, or laches. […]

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